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Wednesday, May 30, 2018

Wild Animal | The Jackal

Jackals are a type of canine, animals that are related to dogs, coyotes, foxes and wolves. They look like a cross between a German shepherd and a fox. They have the fox's small face, delicate legs and fluffy tail, with the German shepherd's long, alert ears.
Size and description
There are three species of jackal. There's the black-backed jackal; the golden, or common, jackal; and the side-striped jackal. All three species are about the size of domestic dogs. They grow to 27 to 33 inches (70 to 85 centimeters) shoulder to rump, with a tail length of about 10 inches (25 cm).

They stand about 16 inches (40 cm) at the shoulder and weigh 11 to 26 lbs. (5 to 12 kilograms), according to the Animal Diversity Web. (ADW).

The distinguishing characteristics of each species are denoted in their common names, according to the ADW. The black-backed jackal has black hair running from the back of the neck to the tail. The rest of the body is reddish-brown or ginger and the chest is white. Side-striped jackals are light gray to tan with a white stripe from elbow to hip and black side stripes. The golden jackal's coat is usually yellow to pale gold and brown-tipped, but the color can vary with season and region.

Jackals live primarily in Africa, but in different regions.
The black-backed jackal stays mostly in savannas and woodlands. There are two discrete populations. One lives at the southern tip of the continent in South Africa, Namibia, Botswana and Zimbabwe. The other is found along the eastern coastline, including Kenya, Somalia and Ethiopia. The populations are separated by the Olduvai Gorge in Tanzania, an area with harsh terrain that is difficult to cross.
Some jackals are social creatures, while others are not. Some live together in small groups called packs, while others live alone or in pairs. Packs typically include around six members.
Jackal pairs do everything together, including eating and sleeping. They are also very territorial and defend their territory as a team. They also hunt together.
Jackals are often both diurnal and nocturnal. This means that they are active during dawn, dusk and night. Side-striped jackals are the exception. They are strictly nocturnal.
God Anubis
As omnivores, jackals like to eat both meat and vegetation. Their diet consists of leftovers from other animals' kills, ground-dwelling birds, reptiles, antelopes, fruits, insects, berries and grass. They're not picky, though.
Jackals have one mate for life, and both parents help take care of the young. After a gestation period of 57 to 70 days, the female will give birth to two to four babies in her underground den. They are born with their eyes sealed shut and it take them around 10 days for their eyes to open.
Baby jackals are called pups. Pups eat mother's milk and regurgitated food until they are weaned at 2 months. 
Most jackal pup deaths happen before they are 14 weeks old. Many are swooped up by eagles and eaten. To protect her pups, a mother jackal changes her den every two weeks.
Pups start hunting at around 6 months, but mom and dad still take care of them as long as they need it. Jackals become sexually mature at 6 to 11 months of age. Some jackals leave their parents at 11 months. Some stay and babysit, protect and feed their younger siblings. Jackals typically live 10 to 12 years.

Monday, May 28, 2018

Pet Food - Part 4/4 | Super Premium Pet Food

Why Super Premium food?

Super Premium food is vitamin-rich, nutritionally dense food with quality proteins, fats and carbohydrates for healthier pets. This means that they need less in their bowls (smaller serves) and leave less in the backyard or litter tray (less waste to clean up). This food is specifically formulated to support the needs of various breeds of pets at different stages of life. This means your pet will get all the nutrition they need and in the right proportion at every meal.

Benefits of a Super Premium food diet

Super Premium pet food is formulated to give your pet the optimal nutrition they deserve. Here are some of the reasons why:

– Guaranteed and quality source of protein and precise levels of fats and carbohydrates so you know exactly what ingredients are in your pet’s food

– Complete and balanced recipe including catering for specific breeds, lifestyle and health conditions

– DHA to enhance brain and vision – making your pet smarter

– Omega-3 fatty acids to encourage healthy skin and coat

– Highly digestible ingredients – leading to smaller, firmer and less-odorous waste for you to clean up

– Support for a developing immune system

– Ingredients to encourage strong joints and lean muscle development

– Healthiest option with a high digestibility for superior nutritional value.

Dr. Phill Trew for Animalix
Home of all Animals and Pets 
Traduction by Jane Mill

Sunday, May 27, 2018

Pet Food - Super Premium Part 3/4 | Premium Pet Food

Premium Pet Food

They are top quality products in canine nutrition - so they are more expensive. They have a formula based on chicken, sheep, turkey. These ingredients, of animal origin, have higher digestibility, thus, dogs have less "work" to metabolize the food. As the digestibility is higher, the daily feed intake is lower. Premium Pet Food promote a healthier life and reduce the volume of animal feces.

They only use the best, high-quality ingredients. Premium food includes high-quality ingredients, which are easy for your pet to digest, compared to low-quality ingredients. Eating premium food means your pet is able to utilise the nutrients in the food - they will look and feel great and will live longer.
They are ‘complete and balanced'. Not only does this mean that premium foods contain all the essential nutrients, including vitamins and minerals, which your pet needs each day, but also that these are provided in the correct ratios for the body to be able to function properly. This means your pet is getting everything it needs for it to flourish at every life-stage.
They are packed with extras. Premium foods contain extra-special ingredients which support your pet's vital body systems. These can include DHA for brain development, glucosamine and chondroitin for joint health, and special enzymes to help prevent plaque and tartar formation on your pet's teeth. There are also foods which are formulated to help combat allergies which can lead to skin problems, including itchiness, red, dry or flaky skin and even ear infections.

Dr. Phill Trew for Animalix
Home of all Animals and Pets 
Traduction by Jane Mills 

Saturday, May 26, 2018

Pet Food - Premium | Super Premium Part 2/4 | Normal Pet Food

Choosing the best pet food is not one of the easiest tasks, is not it?

There is a great variety of rations and these are distinguished by type, size, composition, etc. With such diverse options, you need to know which fits best to the needs of your furry friend.

Today, i will  explain the  normal pet food.

Normal Pet Food (the cheaper ones)

Also known as common rations, they are balanced products, however the quality of the protein used is inferior. Contains meat-and-bone meal, animal fat, corn gluten, etc. Pets live well with these rations, but it is necessary to take in a large volume to get the required amount of nutrients.
By having soy and gluten in its composition, the common ration provides a lower digestibility. Therefore the amount of feces will be higher, because the body of the puppy can not absorb many nutrients.

These rations usually have a large amount of palatabilizers. Dyes and preservatives are also widely used by producers.
Dr. Phill Trew for Animalix
Home of all Animals and Pets 
Traduction by Jane Mill

Friday, May 25, 2018

Pet Food - Normal | Premium | Super Premium Part 1/4

The dog is an animal that has nutritional deficiencies different from ours, so your diet should be directed to meet those needs. When we feed dogs with homemade food, most of the time (almost always), we do not promote proper nutrition. However "bland" it may seem, the grain is in most cases the best option. Because?


Let me give some arguments favorable to the use of grains instead of homemade food:

DOG NEEDS - As varied as Rover's food, we can not offer you a complete and balanced diet. Even giving meat, vegetables and eggs, we still can not balance this ration; and noodles, rice and cornmeal are not dog food.

THE PRACTICE - Few people today have time to make their own lunch, let alone the dog's food. To prove, it is enough to observe that sales of frozen and dehydrated food have increased significantly.

THE COST - If we put at the tip of the pencil the expense in elaborating a diet for a dog, with: meat, eggs, vegetables, vitamin supplements and minerals, and the work that we will have adding each ingredient in the right measure to balance it . Compared to the daily cost of feed-based feed. Undoubtedly, the most economical option will be the ration (even if this is an imported super-premium).

Today, many people are providing Natural Food, which is a great option to replace the feed. In natural food, it is not enough to give homemade food to the dog. There is a whole study of nutrients so that the dog's body does not miss anything and there are professional nutritionists who help owners balance the dog's diet. AN (Natural Food) is considered to be healthier than feed and it is said that dogs tend to get healthier and have fewer skin and allergy problems when eating AN. However, it is necessary to follow a veterinary nutritionist and you need to have enough space in the freezer to freeze the portions.

Dr. Phill Trew for Animalix
Home of all Animals and Pets 
Traduction by Jane Mills 

Tuesday, May 22, 2018

Pet Food | What a Hell are you Feeding your Pet

Researchers in Chapman's Food Science Program bought commercial products for dogs and cats (both wet and dry food) and used DNA analysis to determine the types of meat they contained.
Almost 40 percent of the products had a meat that was not listed on the label. Of the 52 samples, 31 were labeled correctly, 20 were potentially mislabeled and one had a meat ingredient that could not be identified. Assistant professor Rosalee Hellberg, co-author of the study, told that both dog and cat food samples were mislabeled, and that wet food was more likely than dry to have the problem.

“We found a lot of undeclared pork in certain products,” Hellberg said. “We found some products that would claim to have beef, even as a number one ingredient, and there was no beef in the product at all.”

The researchers said it’s impossible to know if the mislabeling was accidental or intentional, and that there was no way to know where it took place — at the supplier level or at manufacturing plants.

“It is a form of economic fraud,” Hellberg said, and when you consider that Americans are expected to spend more than $22 billion on pet food this year, according to the American Pet Products Association, the economic harm could be substantial.

Hellberg told she was surprised by the high rate of mislabeling. The reason she decided to test pet-food products was to see if they contained any horse meat, which would be a concern to some people. None did.
The Chapman report did not include a list of the products tested or those that were found to be potentially mislabeled. Hellberg told us the study was done to investigate the industry as a whole rather than single out any pet food brands. “We are hoping to raise awareness of the issue which would result in increased scrutiny to make sure pet foods really contain what they claim to contain,” she said.

The Pet Food Institute (PFI), an industry trade group, told it’s still trying to learn more about the Chapman study. In an email, Kurt Gallagher, PFI’s director of communications, pointed out that the majority of products sampled were labeled properly.

“Pet food is one of the most highly regulated food products,” Gallagher wrote. “Responsible pet food companies collaborate with FDA and AAFCO (Association of American Feed Control Officials) and work hard to ensure their products are in compliance with federal and state regulations, which include rules for proper labeling.”

Who’s minding the store?

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulates the product labeling of both people and pet food. Hellberg told us the FDA was aware of the study. We contacted the FDA and were provided with a statement, which reads in part:

“Consumers should be able to trust that what is on the label is in the product. Pet foods do not require the FDA’s approval before being marketed; however, all ingredients are required to be listed on the label using their common or usual name. The FDA has taken action in the past when ingredients are not properly listed on the label or when one ingredient is substituted for another ingredient.”

Not the first time

Back in 2012, ELISA Technologies tested 21 commercial dog food products are found 12 instances of mislabeling (two products had more than one labeling issue.) As reported in 
PetFoodIndustry, eight of the products had animal protein not listed on the ingredient label. Two labeled as gluten- or grain-free, tested positive for gluten.

“As in the human food industry, this type of mislabeling is typically not intentional on the part of the manufacturer,” Dr. Laura K. Allred wrote on 
PetFoodIndustry. “Rather, it is most often the result of mistakes during formulation or the receipt of mislabeled product from a supplier.”

Potential health consequences

In the Chapman study, about a third of the samples (16 of the 52) had a meat ingredient not listed on the label — most often pork, which is a common food allergen for pets.

“This does not shed a very good light on the pet food industry,” said Dr. Joseph Wakshlag, an associate professor of clinical nutrition at Cornell University’s College of Veterinary Medicine.

Professor Wakshlag told that just a small amount of pig liver added to the product — and not disclosed on the label — would be more than enough to cause a problem for an allergic dog or cat.
If you have a pet with a food allergy, talk to your vet to make sure you’re using a food that’s appropriate and safe.

Dra. Jane Willfred

Monday, May 21, 2018

Pet Food | Be Aware what you feed your pets


Grains can be a long-term source of energy and energy storage for dogs, but they can also be used as a cheap filler in order to boost the food's protein percentage. Watch out! Any grain you feed your dog should be used in whole form so that it supplies more fiber, vitamins and minerals. The best grains for dogs (when used in the proper percentages) are rolled oats, barley, quinoa, millet, and brown rice.Often, low quality dog foods will list a meat ingredient first, which will be followed by several by-products and fillers. In this case, although meat is listed first, there are actually MORE fillers, which changes the ratio noted above.

A well-planned vegetarian diet can work for dogs, although dogs are carnivores by nature. Dogs need animal protein. Would a dog naturally be vegetarian? No. Most veterinarians and holistic practitioners agree that although a dog can survive on a vegetarian diet, they may not thrive on it.

Be aware that while preservatives may be necessary to keep the food edible, preservatives do not have to be artificial chemicals that might be cancer-causing agents. Avoid pet foods that use chemical preservatives BHA, BHT and Ethoxyquin. Vitamin E & vitamin C are great preservatives that are much better for your dog.
Choose Premium Brand dog foods instead of Economy Brand dog foods. The cheapest ingredients are rarely the healthiest ones.

Go holistic. Holistic foods are 100% natural and 100% nutritious. They contain human-grade ingredients. One holistic pet food manufacturer provides anFREE online video "The Truth About Pet Food" you can watch here. (Actually, the term "human-grade" is a marketing technique. As is "holistic". To be able to MARKET a food as "human-grade" the food has to be run through a series of trials and tests that AAFCO officiates. If the food does not pass ALL of these tests and trials it is actually illegal to put the term "human-grade" on the bag.)
Some may consider this rule of thumb: If you wouldn't eat it, your dog probably shouldn't eat it either. (Think animal fat and added salt or sugar.) But there are some things you would eat (such as chocolate, grapes, raisins, white flour and onions) that are NOT good for your dog. Don't make the mistake of thinking all human food is appropriate for your canine. Canine and human nutritional needs and likes differ, such that what is appropriate and appealing for your dog may not be something you care to eat. In addition, some ingredients considered undesirable by US consumers (eg, bi-products) are enjoyed by humans in other cultures.

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Thursday, May 17, 2018

Lusitano Horse part 2/2 Standard and characteristics of Lusitano

Standard and characteristics of Lusitano
This week I’m bringing you an article where I summarize all the characteristics of the Lusitano horse.

This is a medium sized horse, with rounded shapes, that has a silhouette inscribable in a square. The breed average is 155cm in females and 160cm in males. This height is measured at the withers with the hipometer when the horse is 6 years old, age of the majority.
The most frequent coatings are grey and bay, and can exist in any other color except piebard.
The temperament of Lusitano is noble, generous and fervent, but always docile, suffering and victorious. It is a horse that gives everything he has for his rider, always wanting to show that he is the best at what he is doing.

It has a quality of movements envied by any other race. Having naturally agile and high movements, projecting each step forward smoothly and very comfortably for the rider.

Due to his wonderful temperament the Lusitano horse has natural aptitude for concentration and reunion exercises like those demonstrated in numerous high school shows. It also has an overwhelming courage and a unique enthusiasm in the ginete exercises, like, hunting, bullfighting or cattle management.
Related to the morphological characteristics, and beginning with the head, it is well proportioned, of medium length, thin and dry. The face is relatively long and in profile there is a slight convexity (called a carved chamfer). His eyes are big and alive, looking at us expressively and confidently. The ears are medium length, thin, and immensely expressive.

The Lusitano possesses a medium-length neck, closely bonded to the head, broad and powerful at its base, well inserted into the shoulders showing power.

The withers is prominent and extensive, in a smooth transition between the back and the neck, always slightly higher than the rump.

The shoulder of the Lusitano horse is long, oblique and well-muscled, like the breasts.

The back of the lusitano horse is well directed, tending towards the horizontal, serving as a smooth union line between the withers and the croup, which is short, broad, muscular, slightly convex, well connected to the rump. The whole set of the back, croup and rump form a continuous, round and perfectly harmonious line of beauty and unique elegance.
The rump is always strong and rounded, well proportioned, slightly oblique, of equal length to width, with a convex profile, harmonic, and slightly revealing hips, giving the croup and the Lusitano an enviable elegance and beauty, along with the evidence of a power and force controlled by the temperament of the Lusitano.
The tail follows the curvature of the rump, with silky, long, shiny, and abundant mane.
To conclude, the muscular, dry and wide limbs, possessing the necessary support for a well of power and strength, with about 500kg of abundant muscle.

Thursday, May 10, 2018

Lusitanos, Bullfights and Selection

Lusitanos, Bullfights and Selection
This week I’m going to continue my dissertation about our dear Lusitano. This time, I’m talking about a subject that’s kind of a taboo in our society these days... "Bullfights", hated by some, loved by many, are subject to criticism and praise, debates and discussions, rivalries and passions. But what leads me to write about bullfighting is not the controversy it causes, but the passion I have for our beautiful Lusitano horse.
All the characteristics, morphological and of personality, described in the previous article result from a secular selection. Horses of the Kings, Lusitanos could only be noble horses. Selected for war and fighting, they could only be brave and suffering horses. Portuguese horses, they could only be victorious.
The current Lusitanian for having an "easy command" allows the bullfighter to perform his functions as a rider based on the three main rules of a fight, Parar, Templar e Mandar, concepts that would only be associated with bullfighting on foot if there were not such an antique selection of our horse.
The Lusitano is able to insert himself with ease in the performance of several elements of “high school”, exercises of high difficulty, with a very light contact on the hand. We’re talking about exercises such as, isolated or tempie flying changes, pirouettes at one time, passage, piaffer, half-passes, and all that inserted in a circumference of short diameter. All this comes from a very important feature that I have not yet mentioned, the EQUILIBRIUM.
Bullfighting has, as the most truthful moment, the “frontal luck” and the lusitano horse can do it in an exemplary way, with the inclusion of the bases of the bullfighting: Parar, which means, fundamentally, to stop, wait and give primacy to the opponent's attack; Templar, which consists in imparting a sense of slowness, achieved through the cadenced and impelled gallop of a superb amplitude allowing variations of rhythm; and Mandar, which is to impose trajectories until the moment of the meeting. A meeting that the Lusitano horse allows to be realized slowly, with expression on the body and the face, which demonstrates his virile, fighting and victorious personality. 

Photo taken by Frederico Henriques - in the photo Paco Velasquez and Duelo da Broa.


These characteristics corroborate the thesis that the selection must always follow the objectives of functionality and maneuverability, and here, the talent of the Portuguese breeders has proven to be remarkable. They have often selected for functionality in their dream of obtaining the ideal horse for the requirements of the users.

The bullfighting was thus the laboratory of creation by excellence of the Lusitano, in which there was always a perfect symbiosis between the riders and the breeders. This narrow and important selection allowed us to obtain a horse of a unique beauty, unequaled generosity, magical souplesse, and with an enviable quality which has led our horse to international arenas, competing among the world’s best and achieving historical results as the 12th place in the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing, a result achieved by the Lusitano Rubi AR, from one of the oldest studs in our country that has always selected based on the functionality and the aptitude for the “high school” exercises executed by the magnificent riders of the Portuguese School of Equestrian Art.

And that’s it, this week we finish the sequence of three articles related to the Lusitano. We’ll sure be back to him since the Lusitanos are the horses we work with more often!

Written by Pedro Miranda
Translated by Raquel Quaresma

Sunday, May 6, 2018

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Saturday, May 5, 2018

Egyptian Mau

Egyptian Maus are a small- to medium-sized short-haired cat breed. Along with the Bahraini Dilmun cat, they are one of the few naturally spotted breeds of domesticated cat. The spots of the Mau occur on only the tips of the hairs of its coat.

Cat fanciers bred and exhibited Maus in Europe until World War II, when attention toward the cat waned and it nearly went extinct. The breed was saved in the 1950s when Russian princess Natalie Trubetskaya (sometimes Troubetskoy), living in exile in Italy, was given a Mau that was reportedly imported from the Middle East. Trubetskaya took a shine to the spotted feline breed, and when she emigrated to New York City in 1956, she brought along three Mau cats. She used these kitties to establish the Fatima Egyptian Mau cattery, which produced many of the ancestors of today’s Egyptian Maus in America.
Once the Mau arrived in America, fanciers continued the rare breed’s bloodline by outcrossing it with other cats, and imported more Maus from Egypt and India. In 1977, the Mau was granted championship status by the Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA), the world's largest registry of pedigreed cats. As of 2014, it was the 20th most popular cat in America, according to CFA registration data
Maus often possess very musical voices. They are known to chirp, chortle, and emit other distinctly unusual vocalizations when stimulated. Another behavior, quite common in happy Maus, has been described as "wiggle-tail." The cat, whether female or male, wiggles and twitches its tail, and appears to be marking territory, also known as spraying, but during this behavior the Mau is not releasing urine. Facial expressions may change according to mood, and eye colour may change from green to turquoise.


When the Egyptian Mau is happy, you know it. He vocalizes (called chortling) in a quiet, pleasant voice, swishes his tail rapidly, and kneads with his front paws. What makes him happy is being with his family, to whom he is fiercely devoted, or showing off his hunting prowess by chasing and retrieving a tossed toy or stalking and pouncing on a wriggling lure at the end of a fishing pole toy.
This is a moderately to highly active cat. He likes to jump and climb and will appreciate a tall cat tree, a window perch or two, and a sturdy scratching post that allows him to stretch out to full height. The Mau also enjoys playing in water. Don’t be surprised to find him dipping a paw into your koi pond or aquarium, turning on the tap in the bathroom or kitchen, or splashing water out of your pool — or his water dish.

The Egyptian Mau prefers family members to anyone else. When he’s not playing fetch, he enjoys sitting in a lap and being worshipped, just as his ancestors may have been.
The Mau has the distinction of being the fastest domestic housecat, as she can run at speeds of up to 30 mph.


Both pedigreed cats and mixed-breed cats have varying incidences of health problems that may be genetic in nature. Egyptian Maus are generally healthy, but be sure to ask a breeder about the incidence of health problems in her lines and what testing has been done for any that are genetic in nature.

Egyptian Maus are said to have a longer gestational period than most cats. While average felines give birth after 65 to 67 days of pregnancy, Maus reportedly remain with child (uh, kitten) for an average of 73 days.

Coat Color And Grooming

The Mau’s most striking characteristic is his spotted coat in silver, bronze or smoke (pale silver fur tipped in black), closely followed by his large gooseberry-green eyes. He is a medium-size cat with a muscular body and a slightly rounded wedge-shaped head topped with medium-size to large ears. With hind legs slightly longer than the front legs, he gives the appearance of standing on tiptoe on his small, dainty feet. A medium-long tail is thick at the base, tapering slightly at the end.
The medium-length coat has a silky, fine texture in the smoke coloration and a dense, resilient texture in the silver and bronze colors. The body is covered randomly with distinct spots that can be small or large, and round, oblong or other shapes. The forehead bears an M shape, the cheeks are adorned with “mascara” lines, and the tail is banded, ending with a dark tip. On the pale belly are dark spots that resemble “vest buttons.”
In addition to the silver, bronze and smoke colors, Maus can come in solid black, blue silver, blue spotted (a dilute version of bronze), blue smoke and solid blue, but these colors are not permitted in the show ring. These cats of a different color make fine pets, however, sharing all the other characteristics of the Mau.

Devon Rex
Kurilian Bobtail
Japanese Bobtail

Thursday, May 3, 2018

British Shorthair

The British Shorthair is the pedigreed version of the traditional British domestic cat, with a distinctively chunky body, dense coat and broad face. The most familiar color variant is the "British Blue", a solid blue-gray with copper eyes, medium tail, but the breed has also been developed in a wide range of other colours and patterns, including tabby and colorpoint.
It is one of the most ancient cat breeds known, probably originating from European domestic cats imported into Britain by the invading Romans in the first century AD. In modern times it remains the most popular pedigreed breed in its native country, as registered by the UK's Governing Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF).
The breed's good-natured appearance and relatively calm temperament make it a frequent media star, notably as the inspiration for John Tenniel's famous illustration of the Cheshire Cat from Alice in Wonderland. The Cat Fanciers' Association profile reads: "When gracelessness is observed, the British Shorthair is duly embarrassed, quickly recovering with a 'Cheshire cat smile.

The British Shorthair is a study in roundness. He has a large round head, round eyes and rounded paws. Even his tail has a rounded tip. He was once known as the British Blue because he came only in that color, but these days his short, plush coat comes in many different colors and patterns. There is also a longhaired variety, called the British Longhair. Except for his coat, the British Longhair is the same as the British Shorthair.
A British Shorthair is a dignified, intelligent and affectionate companion. He’s not generally a lapcat, but he will want to be at your side on the sofa or at least nearby. Females tend to have a serious demeanor, while males are more happy-go-lucky. These laidback cats can get along well with dogs and are calm around children, but they don’t enjoy being hauled around. Teach children to treat them with respect.
The British Shorthair is big, but he shouldn’t be fat. Watch his food intake to make sure he doesn’t become obese. Encourage him to chase fishing-pole toys or peacock feathers for exercise.
Brush or comb the British Shorthair’s coat two or three times a week to keep loose hair at a minimum. You’ll need to brush him more often in the spring when he sheds his winter coat. Trim the nails as needed and keep his ears clean.
The British Shorthair is well suited to any home with people who will love him. Keep him indoors to protect him from cars, diseases spread by other cats and attacks from other animals.