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sábado, 31 de março de 2018

Toys are not a luxury, but a necessity.

For dogs and other animal companions, toys are not a luxury, but a necessity.


Toys are not a luxury, but a necessity

Toys help fight boredom in dogs left alone, and toys can even help prevent some problem behaviors from developing. Although cats can be pretty picky when it comes to enjoying particular toys—ignoring a $10 catnip mouse and marveling over a piece of crumpled newsprint—dogs are often more than willing to "play" with any object they can get their paws on. That means you'll need to be particularly careful when monitoring your dog's playtime to prevent any "unscheduled" activities.

"Safe" toys

The things that are usually most attractive to dogs are often the very things that are the most dangerous. Dog-proof your home by removing string, ribbon, rubber bands, children's toys, pantyhose, and anything else that could be ingested.
Toys should be appropriate for your dog's size. Balls and other toys that are too small can easily be swallowed or become lodged in your dog's throat.
Avoid or alter any toys that aren't "dog-proof" by removing ribbons, strings, eyes, or other parts that could be chewed off and/or ingested. Discard toys that start to break into pieces or are torn.

Active toys

"Rope" toys are usually available in a "bone" shape with knotted ends.
Tennis balls make great dog toys, but keep an eye out for any that could be chewed through, and discard them.

Distraction toys:
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"Busy-box" toys are large rubber cubes with hiding places for treats. Only by moving the cube around with his nose, mouth, and paws can your dog get to the goodies.
Many factors contribute to the safety or danger of a toy, and a number of them depend upon your dog's size, activity level, and preferences. Another factor to be considered is the environment in which your dog spends his time. Although we can't guarantee your dog's enthusiasm or his safety with any specific toy, we can offer the following guidelines.

Very hard rubber toys, such as Nylabone®-type products and Kong®-type products, are available in a variety of shapes and sizes and are fun for chewing and for carrying around.


Kong®-type toys, especially when filled with broken-up treats—or, even better, a mixture of broken-up treats and peanut butter—can keep a puppy or dog busy for hours. 
Only by chewing diligently can your dog get to the treats, and then only in small bits. Double-check with your veterinarian about whether or not you should give peanut butter to your dog. Be sure to choose a Kong®-type toy of appropriate size for your dog.


Doctor Jane Drewmeister

quinta-feira, 29 de março de 2018

Isabelline or isabella Horse - Mariana Travassos

isabella Horse

Horses are my true passion, with you every month a new learning, a new discovery on the fantastic horses.
Animalix - Isabel Horses
Mariana Travassos
To begin this month I will introduce the horse Isabel, the one that still many doubts leaves in the people in general, by their different color and for resembling an albino person, they say because this horse usually has light eyes, usually blue, its coat between the yellow and white tones.
Many people confess their admiration for these magnificent horses, for having a rare and wonderful color. They call them the horses of the kings, for they are elegant, seductive, and without a shadow of charming doubts.
But I'm not the "glamor" describes them! 




Because who owns them, it has to be doubled care. These horses should be especially careful with sunlight as it can cause them burns, this way we should avoid to the maximum leaving the horse Isabel too long exposed to the sun, they have little or no pigment in the eyes, some even have little vision , astigmatism is one of the problems such as in depth perception, especially at close range.
Because they have the coat Isabel are more sensitive than the other horses. Weekly baths are part of the routine, since they are light in color tend to get dirty more easily but, after bathing, they should always be very dry, otherwise they may cause irritations to your skin, including the loss of hair in the area that was badly dried. And like all other horses must have a proper nutrition.
This breed of horses is very intelligent, sweet and gentle.
If you have the opportunity to meet a Isabel horse, I will appeal to you not to miss this opportunity, you will surely love to live with one.


Known Origins


Isabelline, also known as isabella, is a pale grey-yellow, pale fawn, pale cream-brown or parchment colour. It is primarily found in animal coat colouring, particularly plumage colour in birds and, in Europe, in horses. It also has historically been applied to fashion. The first known record of the word was in 1600 as "isabella colour"; this use later became interchangeable in literature with "isabelline" after the latter was introduced into print in 1859. The origin of the word is unclear; the uncertainty prompted by this has generated several attempts to provide an etymology and led to one prominent legend.


The first recorded use of isabella as the name of a colour in English was in the year 1600, to describe an item in Elizabeth I of England's wardrobe inventory: "one rounde gowne of Isabella-colour satten ... set with silver spangles". Isabelline as a derivative term was first used in the journal Ibis in 1859 by Henry Baker Tristram to describe the common colour of the upper plumage in the birds of Northern Africa.
A few theories have been proposed for the origin of the colour's name. According to a popular legend, the name comes from Infanta Isabella Clara Eugenia of Spain; during the Siege of Ostend, which started in July 1601, Isabella is claimed to have vowed not to change her shift until the siege was over, expecting a quick victory for her husband Archduke Albert of Austria. Since the siege lasted over three years, finally ending in September 1604, it is claimed that the discolouration of her shift in that interval led to the naming of the colour. However, this theory was discounted by the Oxford English Dictionary as the word was in use before the siege had begun. A variation of the legend refers to Isabella I of Castile and the eight-month siege of Granada by Ferdinand II of Aragon starting in April 1491. This siege ended in January 1492 and again was said to have resulted in overworn shift belonging to an Isabella.

Mariana Travassos

terça-feira, 27 de março de 2018

Reasons to Use a Dog Harness

Neck and trachea injuries might occur if a dog is constantly yanking, pulling or fighting the leash. Unlike a leash attached to the collar at the neck, a leash attached to a traditional body harness connects to a hook on the dog’s back between their shoulders.
The body harness takes the direct stress off their neck. There are also harnesses which attach on the chest or head.


Tangling


A dog that is fighting the leash, or excited, jumping and twisting it can tangle not only themselves in the leash, but their human as well. A strong dog might quickly wrap the leash around your legs, feet, fingers, arms or wrist and pinch or injure you.

When a dog gets excited, he doesn’t know his own strength or understand that he might be hurting you. A really strong dog might even pull you over when he has you tangled in the leash. It is more difficult for the dog to tangle either of you up if the leash is attached to a harness on his back.


Training


Although dogs can be trained to follow the rules of good behavior when on a leash, wearing a harness gives you more control when training your dog.

It is easier to attach the leash to the back or chest of an excitable dog than it is to one wiggling his head around in anticipation, or because he doesn’t like the leash.

If training is easier, the dog will learn to associate the harness and leash with the pleasant experience of going on an outing with someone they love.


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Some dogs dislike any kind of collar or restraint. They may be able to work a collar off their neck. If a harness is fitted properly and is the right size and style for the dog, it is more difficult to wriggle out of than a simple collar might be.
There are safety reasons for using a seatbelt for a dog riding in a car or truck. A harness is an easy way to attach the seatbelt to the dog to keep them safe while you drive. In case of an accident, the dog will be held securely in place.
Dog harnesses are made in different styles designed for whatever the individual dog’s need may be. Some are simple straps. Others have more material covering a larger area of their back or chest. There are also different styles with alternate attachment points for the leash than the traditional body harness has.
It is a good idea to remove the harness after an outing. Constant wear may be annoying to the dog. It can also rub the fur, irritate their skin on areas that the harness rubs, and matt the fur.

segunda-feira, 26 de março de 2018

Is your Dog Battling with skin problems ?



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Healthier skin and a younger-looking body. These are just two of the benefits of biotin, formerly known as Vitamin H. One of the most important nutrients in the body, biotin maintains healthy connective tissue which holds the body together. It is essential for the metabolism of fats and carbohydrates, as well as for cell formation, and assists with the metabolism of proteins.
Skin conditions arising from a biotin deficiency include dry, flaky skin, a dull or thin coat, excessive shedding, and intense scratching or biting at the skin leading to bald areas. Birds and rabbits will show similar symptoms in their fur and feathers. Talons, nails and beaks may also be in poor condition. Less readily seen symptoms occur in weakened tissue, which may contribute to hip dysplasia in dogs and other joint disorders.
In recent years, biotin has enjoyed popularity as an ingredient in shampoos, conditioners and cosmetics. This B vitamin, however, has to be ingested in order to gain its full benefit.

A primary source of biotin is the healthy bacteria in the intestinal tract, and it also occurs naturally in many foods, including liver, meat, egg yolks and most vegetables. Since the bioavailable content in these foods may not prove sufficient to provide proper balance, a biotin supplement can be helpful. It is also an effective alternative to expensive prednisone and antihistamine treatments.

Supplementation will reverse the unsightly and uncomfortable effects caused by a deficiency. The animals will look, feel and act years younger in a relatively short time. Less scratching will result in healthier, less-irritated skin and less shedding. Bald areas will show new hair growth as the rest of the coat thickens and regains its original luster.

Being aware of the signs and symptoms of a biotin deficiency will help you take appropriate measures. A healthy animal is a happy animal who will live a longer life.



Effects of Biotin in Dogs


Vitamin H is not only effective in the treatment of allergic reactions and skin conditions. It also seems to play an important role in the following processes:


#Digestion
#Growth
#Muscle formation


Hence, you should rely on this vitamin if your dog suffers from a skin problem or simply if you want to improve any of the aforementioned processes.
Biotin Deficiency in Dogs

A deficiency of vitamin B7 may be the precise cause of the skin disorders. This explains why the symptoms tend to alleviate when administering biotin. Some of the problems associated with biotin deficiency include:

#Anemia
#Dry haircoat
#Lathery
#Skin lesions


To make sure that these are determined by a lack of biotin and not something else, it is best to take the dog to a veterinarian. After consulting the dog, the veterinarian will determine if supplementation with vitamin H is necessary or not. Biotin deficiency may be noticed after giving the dog raw egg whites. The absorption of biotin is inhibited when raw eggs are consumed, because these contain the Avidin enzyme.



Availability and Administration of Vitamin B7


This vitamin is available in powder form, either alone or in combination with other substances. Brewer’s yeast, for example, includes several other compounds besides biotin. More than that, there are also several natural sources of vitamin B7, the most important being:


#Liver
#Seed oils
#Yeast







If the diet of your dog includes any of these sources, chances are there will not by any deficiency problems. Even though there are no side effects or toxic reactions associated to biotin administration, dog owners are recommended to consult a veterinarian in order to find out the best dosage for their dog. As an alternative, you could follow the administration instruction listed on the supplement container. Supplements based on this vitamin may have different concentrations of biotin, and that is why it is safer to ask a veterinarian.

Adverse Reactions to Vitamin H


Biotin is a water-soluble vitamin, so it will not pose a threat to the health of your dog, even if an overdose is administered. The excess will not affect in any way the liver or the kidneys, and will be eliminated once with the urine. In other words, both the risks of toxicity and overdose are reduced to a minimum.

domingo, 25 de março de 2018

What to Consider When Looking for a Dog

What to Consider When Looking for a Dog



Owning a dog is not as simple as some people think. There are many things that owners need to consider before adopting or purchasing a dog. Once a dog becomes a part of the family, there is a huge commitment that cannot be ignored. In some ways, they need even more attention than a child, because they don’t gain independence at the level that humans do when they grow older and mature. Most people think of the basic needs and stop there without taking further consideration of how a dog might impact their lives. Here are a few important things to consider when looking for a dog.




Determine the right breed

 

Not all dogs are created equal. It is very important for potential dog owners to assess their specific, unique situations and determine the best breed to bring into their homes. Some dogs need ample space to move around without destroying things in the home. Others may need more exercise and access to the outdoors. There are even some dog breeds that are more trainable and independent than others. In essence, there are some dogs that are able to live great lives cooped up in apartments all day and others that absolutely need space. A dog owner’s living space may very well be vital to determining which dog breed is best for the situation.



Time commitment

 

Owning and caring for a dog is a huge time commitment. They need attention multiple times during the day, from feeding to exercising and cuddling to nurturing. People with time-consuming jobs and busy lives really should consider staying away from raising canines and other pets. At times, dogs may even pull owners away from their jobs, especially if they get sick and need medical attention during the day.
There are options for those who work long hours, but they are not exactly ideal. Often times, people will hire dog-sitters and dog walkers to help them with exercise and care for their pooches. Unfortunately, the relationship that the dog has is then made with the dog-sitter or walker.



Financial commitment

 

Caring for dogs costs money. They are an integral part of families, deserving all the care they can get. Owning dogs, as pets, are huge financial commitments, as they need to be fed, cared for in terms of their health, and entertained. All three of these elements cost money. When dogs age and their health declines, care can be extremely costly. Just like other members of the family, dogs also need annual health check-ups to make sure they are not developing diseases that may shorten their lives or make them uncomfortable.



Family health

 

Dogs are wonderful pets if no family members are allergic to them. If people in the house are allergic to dog dander, then the type of dog to welcome into the family will have to be hypoallergenic. There are a variety of dog breeds that fit the mold and are wonderful to have in an allergen-free home. In order for everyone in the family to enjoy their new pet, it is important to consider the wellbeing and health of all members.



Preparations

 

When people are ready to bring pets into their homes, there are some preliminary basics that need to get set up ahead of time. These preparations are important to consider so that the home and other family members are ready for the new addition. Potential owners need to make sure they are ready with a leash, collar, food and water bowls, crate (if necessary), sleeping area, and various toys for the dog to chew. If toys are not provided for dogs, they will find other things to chew on, such as shoes, couches, and curtains.



Primary Caregiver


When a dog enters a home, there needs to be a primary caregiver assigned to prevent future chaos and neglect. Different people in the family need to take on different roles to make sure everything gets done. If roles are left up to chance, the dog may end up not getting what it needs to survive and live a good, healthy life. It is always best to determine the primary caregiver and everyone else serves the secondary roles. This will make everything run more smoothly when the dog needs care.



Family lifestyle


Owning a pet can seem like a lot of fun, but in reality, it can also be restrictive. Traveling families who like to explore the world may have to consider how much time they are actually home and able to care for a dog. Those who like to be spontaneous may also find it a little restrictive if they have a dog at home. Some dogs travel well and can participate on long trips. Most, however, do not do well on long road trips. Considering the family’s lifestyle is crucial before bringing the dog into the home.



Finding a veterinarian

 

Before bringing a dog into the family, it is important to shop around and find a reputable veterinarian. Visits to the vet are hard enough as it is for dogs. If they don’t have a vet who is caring, gentle, and knowledgeable, it can really be miserable for the dog. Although there are many options found on the Internet, the best way to find a reputable vet is to talk to current and former dog owners and get recommendations and referrals.



Dog-Proofing


Just as parents have to childproof their homes when their children become mobile infants, dog owners need to implement dog-proofing measures. In addition to hiding things the dog may chew up, owners need to make sure there is no access to toxic chemicals. Toxins can be found in plants, bags, and cleaners that the dog may come across as they explore around the house.


Dog’s age

Some people want to raise puppies and go through all the training themselves. Others are determined to rescue older dogs that have been through neglect and abuse. Before heading out to find a dog, a decision needs to be made whether the new addition to the family will be young or old. Dogs have different needs depending on their ages, so it is important for potential owners to consider the pros and cons of raising them from pups, as well as the advantages and disadvantages to rescuing an older canine.
Adding a dog to the family is not a matter to be considered lightly. Dogs deserve to have the best owners who will dote on them and love them to death. The time, energy, and money it takes to raise and care for a dog are critical to consider before making a lifetime commitment to bringing a dog into the home. So, are you ready to have a dog?

terça-feira, 20 de março de 2018

Pet Ownership Positively Affects Your Kids in More Ways Than One

Pet Ownership Positively Affects Your Kids in More Ways Than One



Pet Ownership Positively Affects Your Kids in More Ways Than One
Pet Ownership Positively Affects Your Kids in More Ways Than One


Caring for a pet really is a childhood rite of passage. The excitement of nurturing another being — which quickly becomes a best friend — is incomparable to anything else. The experience creates lifelong memories, and we always remember our first pet.Experts say a child's physical, social, emotional and cognitive development can all be encouraged by interaction with the family pet.

Having a pet helps kids improve their motor skills and also just increases overall activity.
In fact, a 2010 study showed that kids in England who had a dog exercised on average 11 minutes more a day than other children who didn't have a dog. Doesn't sound like a whole lot, but a little bit of exercise every day can be seriously beneficial to children.

You know how the saying goes: "Dog is man's best friend" — which is true. But pets can actually help people make new human friends too.
For children especially, pets can be a wonderful catalyst for socializing. Children are more prone to approach and interact with another child who is playing with an animal, so a pet can be the bridge between a less socially outgoing child and other potential playmates.
“Pet ownership appears to be a significant factor for facilitating social interaction and friendship formation within neighborhoods,” Dr. Lisa Wood, associate professor at the University of Western Australia, wrote in her recent study via Harvard Health Publications. “For pet owners, this also translates into new sources of social support, both of a practical and emotionally supportive nature.”
And kittens and puppies aren't the only pets that can help kids make friends, Wood's study showed that other kinds of pets, including rabbits and snakes, can also be catalysts for making friends and finding social support.



Emotional


According to the Pet Health Council, kids who have pets have higher self-esteem.

"Children with low-self esteem may talk to, or confide in, an animal in ways they would not with people," the PHC reports. "They are often more confident in performing tasks they find difficult with an animal simply because the animal does not care if mistakes are made, nor will the child be afraid of looking silly in front of the animal."
Makes sense, right? A pet is basically a source of unconditional love who provides support but never judges.
Moreover, kids with pets tend to be more capable of showing empathy to other people because they learn how to nurture their animal.



Cognitive


Can having a dog actually make a child excel in school? According to a 2011 study, yes.

The study done on second-graders showed that the ones who read aloud to a dog actually made bigger strides in their reading ability than their peers who read out loud to an adult — possibly due to the dog's ability to help reduce a child's stress and the fact that a dog provides nonjudgmental support.
Having a pet might also encourage a child to learn more about animals in general and in turn foster an appreciation for research and science.


Adopting a pet is a huge commitment and shouldn't be taken lightly, but it might be the best thing you could ever do for your kids' childhood experience.

quinta-feira, 15 de março de 2018

Common Things That Make Veterinarians Crazy

Being a doctor is tough, especially when your patients can’t clearly explain their symptoms. Between tight appointment windows, unruly animals, and having to diagnose ailments in multiple species, the life of a veterinarian can be very stressful.
Before arriving for your next appointment, help your vet to help your pet by avoiding these common mistakes that drive veterinarians crazy.


veterinary


 Unruly Pets


A rambunctious pet can slow down your veterinary visit and eat up valuable time. With lots of animals to see, wrangling a stressed out pet is the last thing your vet wants to deal with. To prepare your animal for a lifetime of smooth appointments, consider dropping by your veterinarian’s office for a few friendly, no-pressure visits.

“Try bringing your pet in strictly for social visits,” recommends Dr. Jessica Downing, general practitioner and emergency veterinarian at Valley Cottage Animal Hospital in Valley Cottage, New York. “Make the visit a positive experience by offering lots of treats, visiting with the front desk staff for hugs and kisses, and practicing placing your puppy or kitten on and off the exam table. It’ll make the experience more familiar and less stressful.”



Unprepared Pet Owners




It’s best practice to come prepared with your pet’s medical history and most up-to-date information. Waiting until the last minute and assuming all information is readily available in your veterinarian’s medical records is time consuming, especially if your pet has been seen at more than one veterinary practice. What may seem like a no-brainer can very well save your vet from a headache.
“Gathering all the necessary information from various sources can really take away from their appointment,” advises Crystal Morrin, ophthalmology technician at the Center for Animal Referral and Emergency Services in Langhorne, Pennsylvania. “Even something like illegible handwriting in your pet’s records can slow things up, so it’s important to come prepared with as much knowledge about [your pet] as possible.”
Downing agrees that having a firm knowledge of your pet’s medical history is very helpful and appreciated. “Any information regarding previous vaccinations, medications, and surgeries is helpful,” she says. “This way, the veterinary staff will know what your pet may require in terms of vaccinations, lab tests, and medications during the office visit, which could speed things up.”


Absentee Pet Parents


Nobody knows your pet better than you, and making yourself available to answer questions about your pet ensures a smooth visit. If you’re the primary owner, try to be the one to take your pet to the vet. If a friend or family member must, make sure they’re knowledgeable about your pet and what symptoms they may be experiencing.

“Important details, such as what type of food your pet eats, changes in your pet’s behavior, or what the pet may have been exposed to can best be answered by the person who spends the most time with your pet,” says Downing. “You’re the person who feeds them every day, plays with them, and tends to their daily needs, so odds are you know the most about their day to day life.”




Procrastinating the Visit


If something seems wrong with your pet, it’s best to make an appointment as soon as possible. Putting off a visit could result in worsening symptoms that could potentially become more difficult to treat. And don’t try to cram preventive care and addressing health problems into a single vet visit.

“To address your pet’s medical concerns more thoroughly and effectively, we recommend not waiting for your pet’s yearly visit to discuss their health concerns with your veterinarian,” says Downing. “It’s better to be safe than sorry when dealing with the health of your pet.”



Not Reading Discharge Instructions


If your pet is leaving with a new medication or follow up appointment, be sure to carefully read your discharge instructions before you exit. If there’s something you’re not clear on, speak up and don’t be afraid to ask questions.


“Discharge instructions will always specify the recommended treatment while reiterating the diagnosis and next steps,” explains Morrin. “Keeping them in a safe place and using as a reference doesn't just help us, it helps the client stay on the same page as us.”


terça-feira, 13 de março de 2018

Finding a good dog breeder

We suggest you consider adopting a puppy (or an adult) from a shelter or rescue group before buying one. But if your heart's set on a purebred puppy, the first step is to find a breeder who knows what she's doing. Unlike pet stores and unscrupulous breeders, good breeders are careful to breed only healthy dogs with good temperaments. This means that any puppy you get from them has a better chance of turning out to be a good family pet. They also know how to raise their puppies in a way that prepares them for life as a family dog.
There are plenty of breeders out there who are uninformed, unscrupulous, or both. Take your time and be picky about finding the right one.

Where to start

 

Ask your vet, visit dog shows, or contact local breed clubs to get recommendations on good local dog breeders. The American Kennel Club also offers breeder referralsfor all the recognized breeds. And of course, if you know anyone with a fabulous dog, ask where she got the pup.

Questions to ask a breeder (see the article Becoming a Dog Breeder)

Talk to and visit several breeders, so you get a sense of what separates the really dedicated breeder from the so-so one.
Here are some of the questions that will help you suss that out:
Where do the puppies live? The answer should be "in the house with the family." A puppy who's born into family life has a better shot at growing up relaxed and friendly. A pup isolated from humans in a backyard, garage, or basement is more likely to wind up shy or aggressive.

How often are the puppies handled? Puppies should be handled by lots of different people beginning very early in life so they'll grow up to be comfortable and safe around humans. Ideally, the breeder throws regular puppy parties, inviting lots of guests over to play with and handle the pup. Five minutes of daily pats on the head by the breeder won't cut it.

Can I meet the parents? Meeting the father may not be possible, but you should certainly meet the mother. A puppy's parents give you better insight into her future personality than does her breed. A friendly, well-behaved Mamma or Papa dog is a good sign, both that you've found a good litter and a good breeder.

How many litters do you raise a year? A breeder with just one or two litters a year will have the time to give them the care and handling they need, and to find them good homes. Each female dog should be bred no more than once a year.

Can I have copies of the health clearances? Many breeds are prone to certain genetic conditions. The breeder should offer health clearances--documentation from an independent agency, such as the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals or the Canine Eye Registration Foundation--that the parent and grandparent dogs were tested for hereditary problems. (You'll need to do some research on your breed to find out what the parent dogs should be tested for--our breed profiles are a great place to start.)

Because some genetic conditions don't show up until adulthood, health clearances aren't available for dogs younger than two years old. For that reason, a responsible breeder won't breed dogs until they're two or three years old.

Can I talk to someone who's bought a puppy from you? Good breeders should be happy to give you references; even better, they'll refer you to other breeders as well as customers.

Signs of a reputable breeder



Keep your eyes open when you're visiting breeders. Here's a check list of what to look for in a good breeder.

The dogs live inside. Puppies who are going to be family dogs should be raised inside with the family, not in a backyard, basement, or garage.

The dogs and puppies are relaxed around people. If the parent dogs and puppies seem comfortable with humans, that's a good sign that they've been properly cared for and socialized.

The place is clean. Don't worry about the dirty dishes in the sink--just make sure the dogs' living area is safe, sanitary, and that they're supplied with fresh water, beds, and toys. Is there a toilet area in the puppy's living quarters, or is it all one big toilet? If it's the former, the puppies have a head start on housetraining.

The breeder participates in dog shows or competitions. A good breeder is motivated by enthusiasm for the breed, not by making a little extra cash.

The breeder asks you to sign a spay/neuter contract. If you're buying a dog who's not going to be bred, the breeder should ask you to sign a contract promising to spay or neuter your pup, to avoid contributing to pet overpopulation.

The breeder doesn't specialize in sizes or colors that are unusual for the breed.For one thing, extremely small or extremely large dogs are more likely to have health problems. For another, trying to breed for rare colors or extreme sizes is a sign that the breeder is more interested in making money out of a sales gimmick than in producing great puppies.

The breeder is up-front about the breed's drawbacks, whether that means a tendency to develop certain health problems or a temperament that's not for every owner. A good breeder wants you to love and care for your new dog for his entire lifetime, and she knows that's more likely if you're well prepared.


The breeder wants to meet the whole family and welcomes you to make several visits. To make the best match, the breeder will want to meet everyone who'll be living with the puppy. And she'll want you to take the time to make the right decision; high-pressure salesmanship is a red flag.

The breeder asks you lots of questions. 


This shows she wants to know exactly what kind of home her puppies are going to. She may ask who's going to be home during the day, what your dog-owning history is, and why you're interested in the breed. Don't be defensive; she's just doing her job, which is taking care of the pups she brings into the world.
The breeder will take the dog back, at any stage of the dog's life, if you're unable to care for her. A good breeder will insist on this. Again, she wants to make sure the puppies she brought into the world will always be taken care of.

The breeder won't let you take the puppy home before she's eight weeks old.Playing with her littermates teaches your puppy a lot about getting along with other dogs. A puppy who's taken away from her littermates too early is at a major disadvantage in her canine social skills.

Bottom line: Before buying a puppy, take the time to research and find a responsible breeder. Puppies from good breeders are more likely to grow up to be healthy, temperamentally sound dogs.

segunda-feira, 12 de março de 2018

Dog Flu - Canine Influenza Symptoms


Dog Flu - Canine Influenza Symptoms



Canine influenza (dog flu) is influenza occurring in canine animals. Canine influenza is caused by varieties of influenzavirus A, such as equine influenza virus H3N8, which in 2004 was discovered to cause disease in dogs. Because of the lack of previous exposure to this virus, dogs have no natural immunity to it. Therefore, the disease is rapidly transmitted between individual dogs. Canine influenza may be endemic in some regional dog populations of the United States. It is a disease with a high morbidity (incidence of symptoms) but a low incidence of death.
Your dog is coughing and congested, listless and feeling lousy – just like we feel when we come down with a respiratory ailment.

Dog Flu - Canine Influenza Symptoms
Dog Flu - Canine Influenza Symptoms

The virus is passed from animal to animal through “respiratory secretions, dogs can spread the virus through simply “barking, coughing and sneezing, contaminated objects, such as water bowls, toys, food, clothing, shoes and leashes can also harbor the virus and cause transmission.”

This makes areas where pets congregate, such as doggy day cares, kennels and dog parks, hot spots for disease transmission.


But just because your pet has been exposed to a strain of the virus doesn't mean he will show symptoms. Eighty percent of dogs exposed to the virus will develop signs of the disease within one to five days, while the remaining 20 percent will show no symptoms whatsoever. If your dog went to the park a week ago and seems as spry as ever, you’re probably in the clear.
However, like with the human flu, a dog who is not symptomatic can still pass the virus to other animals. Humans who have been in contact with an infected animal can also unknowingly spread the virus, as it can live on surfaces for up to 48 hours, on clothing for 24 hours, and 12 hours on hands, the AVMA explains. If your dog gets the sniffles, take precautions to wash your clothes with warm water and disinfect your hands and any surfaces, to keep the outbreak in check.
Before you’re tempted to cancel all puppy playdates for the foreseeable future, dog flu has a very low mortality rate of less than 10 percent, and most pups will only contract a mild version.


Symptoms


In its mild form, canine influenza can resemble a kennel cough-type syndrome, where dogs could come down with a soft cough that can last up to a month. Your pup may also seem lethargic or down, and have increased eye and nasal discharge and sneezing.
In a more severe form, dogs can have a high fever, develop pneumonia and have trouble breathing, which may cause them to become dependent on supplemental oxygen.
Cats suffer from similar upper respiratory disease symptoms, such as nasal discharge, congestion and lethargy. See the Video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UXzMn9-GxaI


Diagnosis and treatment


If you suspect your dog or cat may have come down with the flu, contact the family veterinarian for guidance. Avoid rushing your pup to the vet’s office, as this could infect other dogs in the waiting room, and your veterinarian may want to take special precautions when meeting you. Your vet can confirm the virus by running a series of tests. “Usually there is a specific test that looks for the virus itself in the animal’s respiratory secretions, such as nasal swabs — that’s how there’s a confirmed diagnosis.

quinta-feira, 8 de março de 2018

Socializing is the basis of the future Behavior

Socializing is the basis of the future Behavior

(from http://caninotreino.wixsite.com/treinocanino)


Socializing is the basis of the future Behavior
Socializing is the basis of the future Behavior


People are sometimes warned not to bring their puppies in public until they are completely vaccinated for fear the dog will get sick. But times have changed and most veterinarians, trainers, breeders, and behaviorists recommend that you start socializing your puppy early. A non-socialized dog is more likely to have long-term behavior problems than to become ill while interacting with other dogs.

You should rather balance medical risk with behavioral risks, which is why uncontrolled areas such as dog parks and beaches should be avoided until the dog is fully vaccinated. But the risk of socializing your puppy in a controlled environment where dogs do not run loose is minimal.

Age - The best age to socialize a puppy is between two and four months of age. After four months of age, the window of socialization begins to close and it is much more difficult to include the opinion and attitude of a puppy.
For example, if a dog is not exposed to traffic before four months of age it can become so paralyzed with fear of images and sounds that walking on a city street may be impossible or at best uncomfortable. If the dog is exposed to traffic before four months of age and introduced in a positive way, he will be delighted to walk along a city street because it was a positive encounter. Dog behavior training should start early in your life.
Researchers on dog behavior found that puppies that are isolated from human contact between five and twelve weeks of age are never able to react normally to people later in life. This age is the "sensitive" period of a puppy and the weeks of the sensitive period may vary. Make sure your pet has many positive experiences of human contact during this time.


So where and when do you start doing your socializing?


Start at home - As soon as you bring your puppy home, visit the veterinarian to check on your health. If that's okay, start by acclimatizing your puppy to the sounds, smells and landscapes of your new environment - your home. After a few days leave the city and start your socialization program.

In town - Carry your dog around town, bring several treats, and ask anyone who wants to meet your dog to offer you a surprise. Do not put your puppy on the ground yet, but carrying it is perfectly safe. You want your dog to think that loud noises, funny odors and silly citizens walking the streets is perfectly normal!

Traffic - Does a firefighter siren pass you by? Give a treat and look happy! Truck or Bus? Give a treat and act like a fool! This will cause your puppy to become accustomed to all the potentially frightening noises and things that he or she will inevitably encounter. If you expose your puppy to street traffic sounds in a positive way (with goodies and joy), he'll be comfortable walking down the street with you.Children. If you do not have children, it is important that you look for children so that you can socialize your puppy. Children are more unpredictable and have quick hand movements. The puppies that are not exposed to children may be afraid of them.

Scary Situations - Be careful not to pay too much attention if your puppy gets scared in a situation that is normal. If a bike runs past you and your puppy, you will be tempted to reassure him by saying that "it's okay, you're fine, fine." What your little animal might well hear is, "Good boy, Mommy loves it when you're scared, please, keep going!" It is best to simply reward him with a treat and move on. When the next bike passes by, offer a food reward for the dog so that he redirects his thoughts from fear to reward. Puppies cherish food, so do not be afraid to offer them as a reward.

quarta-feira, 7 de março de 2018

Cirneco dell’Etna

The History of the Cirneco dell’Etna


The Cirneco (pronounced cheer-NAY-ko) dell’Etna, also known as the Sicilian Greyhound, may resemble a small Pharaoh Hound, but he’s a distinct breed of Italian origin, with his own color markings, tail shape, and triangle-shaped ears. He gets his name from Mount Etna, on the Italian island of Sicily, where his ancestors hunted rabbit and hare. He stalks silently — so much so that he can even sneak up on birds. Today, this rare breed is predominantly a family companion.
The Cirneco was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 2006. The breed is also part of the American Kennel Club’s Foundation Stock Service, the first step toward AKC recognition. In 2012, the Cirneco dell’Etna will be admitted to the AKC’s Miscellaneous Class.




Cirneco dell’Etna Temperament and Personality


The breed standard calls for the Cirneco to be alert and gentle, with an independent temperament. This curious and playful sighthound loves to be with people. He’s also smart and trainable, especially if you use such positive reinforcement techniques as praise, play, and treats. Although he’s small, the Cirneco is a hunter at heart. Always keep a tight hold on his leash — if he spots a squirrel, he’ll give chase. However, a stern tone of voice should be enough to bring him back to you.

Start training your puppy the day you bring him home. Even at eight weeks old, he is capable of soaking up everything you can teach him. Don’t wait until he is 6 months old to begin training or you will have a more headstrong dog to deal with. If possible, get him into puppy kindergarten class by the time he is 10 to 12 weeks old, and socialize, socialize, socialize. However, be aware that many puppy training classes require certain vaccines (like kennel cough) to be up to date, and many veterinarians recommend limited exposure to other dogs and public places until puppy vaccines (including rabies, distemper and parvovirus) have been completed. In lieu of formal training, you can begin training your puppy at home and socializing him among family and friends until puppy vaccines are completed.


What You Need to Know About Cirneco dell’Etna Health

Since there are so few of these dogs, little is known about the health of Cirnechi. In general, they appear to be a hardy breed, but they can get muscle and toe injuries while running. A reputable breeder will discuss potential health problems with you, including any conditions that she has noticed in her own lines.

Careful breeders screen their dogs for genetic disease, and only breed the best-looking specimens, but sometimes Mother Nature has other ideas and a puppy can develop a genetic condition. In most cases, he can still live a good life, thanks to advances in veterinary medicine. And remember that you have the power to protect your Cirneco from one of the most common health problems: obesity. Keeping him at an appropriate weight is a simple way to extend your Cirneco’s life.